Great Britain

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UK Facts and Figures

The UK in numbers: find an overview of the most relevant statistics and figures below!

Country Name: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland      

Government Type: Constitutional monarchy and Commonwealth realm            

Area (km²): 243,610 km       

Climate: Temperate      

Capital: London              

Population: 65,110,000 (2016 estimate)

Population Density: 260/km²

Major Urban Areas: London (8,673,713), Birmingham (1,111,307), Manchester (530,292), West Yorkshire (2.2 million), Glasgow (606,340)

Ethnic groups: white 87.1% (of which English 67.1%, Scottish 8.3%, Welsh 4.3%, Northern Irish 3%), black 3%, Indian 2.3%, Pakistani 1.9%, mixed 2.0%, other 0.9% (2011 census)

Languages: English; recognized regional languages include Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, Irish, Cornish

Religions: Christian 59.49%, Muslim 4.41%, Hindu 1.32%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 32.84% (2011 census)

Gross Domestic Product: 2,848,7558 million USD (2015)

GDP Per Capita: 40,933.46 USD (2015)

Unemployment Rate: 4.8% (2016)

Mercer Cost of Living Index 2016: London (17), Birmingham (96), Aberdeen (85) Glasgow (119), Belfast (134)

Human Development Index: 0.907 (2014)

Currency: British Pound (GBP)

Time Zone: UTC+00:00             

Country Code: +44        

Emergency Number: 999

Voltage: 230 V / 50 Hz   

Recommended Vaccinations: Routine (vaccines for MMR, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, chickenpox, polio and annual flu shot), Hepatitis A/B, Rabies (optional)