Living in Japan?
Living in Japan
Certain aspects of living in Japan will probably be familiar to many expatriates before they even get there. Youth culture in other East Asian nations, Europe, and the US has been picking up trends from Japan for years.
Adult expats, on the other hand, might rather read up on the traditions, arts, and festivals associated with Japan. Their view of the country is characterized by their interest in ritual and culture, in things like no, kabuki and bunraku theater, or the matsuri, local shrine and temple holidays.
One of the Safest Places in the World
First of all, it may be reassuring to know that Japan is a very safe place. According to the Global Peace Index 2016, living there means living in one of the ten safest countries in the world. Actually, it is has one of the lowest murder rates among all nations, and violent crime is indeed rare.
However, you should not assume that Japan does not involve any risks at all. Although violent crimes and hate crimes happen very rarely, they do happen nonetheless. Crime victims, especially survivors of rape, sexual assault, and domestic violence, have complained about less than sensitive treatment by police officers.
If Something Goes Wrong
Most foreigners who report a crime in Japan file charges of petty theft or vandalism. In Greater Tokyo’s nightlife areas, especially Roppongi, Shibuya, Shinjuku, and Ikebukuro, drink spiking, bar brawls, and fraudulent credit card charges are not uncommon, so be careful when celebrating in Japan's major cities.
The national emergency numbers are 119 (fire / ambulance) and 110 (crime / accident).
Earthquakes and Tsunamis
Earthquakes are very common here, and most expats may have witnessed one of these seismic shocks. Most of these earthquakes are comparatively harmless and Japan operates an early warning system, broadcasting information to news media and cell phone users if a large tremor is detected.
The general advice is to hide under a table if you feel the ground start to shake, in order to protect yourself from any objects which might fall during the quake. It is also advisable to have an emergency kit at hand and to leave the building as soon as possible after you have turned off the gas. The Japanese National Tourism Organization has published a guideline “If You Experience an Earthquake” with advice regarding quakes and tsunamis.
Earthquakes in Japan rarely present a severe danger, but in March 2011 Japan was hit by a particularly strong tremor resulting in a tsunami which hit the east coast very hard. The tsunami led to the devastation of many homes and the loss of nearly 16,000 lives. Moreover, a nuclear plant in the prefecture of Fukushima was heavily damaged. After numerous reactor failures, the government declared the region around the power plant a prohibited zone. Due to high radiation levels, neither locals nor expats and tourists may enter this area.
Getting Registered in Japan
The first obstacle to a smooth move usually involves the municipal bureaucracy. Every foreign national who wants to settle in Japan for more than three months has to register as a resident alien. The procedure might seem a bit intimidating, especially if you don't speak Japanese. But don’t worry! Obtaining a so-called Resident Card (zairyu kaad) is actually not that difficult.
Starting in July 2012, the new Resident Card replaced the old Alien Registration Card (gaikokujin touroku shoumeisho). Foreign residents who stay in Japan for more than three months are now registered in the same system as Japanese citizens.
If you come to Japan on a visa for a mid-term or long-term stay, you will be handed your Resident Card at the airport. If you don’t enter the country through one of the big international airports, you will get a stamp in your passport and later receive the card in the mail. In addition to receiving the Resident Card, you will need to register your address and complete your residence record at a local government office within 14 days of your arrival in Japan.
The local government office may be called town hall, city administration, ward office, or something similar. Most residence offices in major cities like Tokyo-Yokohama or the Kansai Region have weekly English-language consultation hours to help foreigners with the paperwork.
Be sure to carry your passport and your card with you all the time. This is legally required for every foreign national living in Japan.
With regards to the different types of visas and work permits existing in Japan, please have a look at our article Working in Japan.
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