Moving to the Netherlands?
Moving to the Netherlands
At a Glance:
- The Dutch economy is the sixth largest in the European Union, being the transportation hub and a huge exporter of agri-food products.
- Non-EU citizens will need a residence permit known as the MVV if they plan to stay for longer than three months.
- The Hague is the legal capital of the world, home to organizations such as the International Court of Justice and Europol.
- The key cities of Amsterdam and Rotterdam are renowned centers of international commerce.
As the name indicates, the Netherlands is a low-lying country in geographical terms. About 25% percent of its surface is located below sea level and 50% less than one meter above. When moving to the Netherlands, you might well hear jokes about it being the first country that will drown in the ocean should sea levels begin to rise.
You are probably aware that the country is also referred to as “Holland”. This name, albeit used synonymously, actually refers to only two of the Netherlands’ provinces. Art aficionados will know the country mainly by its most famous painters. Artists like Johannes Vermeer or Vincent van Gogh have inspired many aspiring painters to move to the Netherlands for work or studies.
Since the constitutional reforms of 1848, the Netherlands has been a hereditary parliamentary monarchy. The constitution determines the duties and responsibilities of the monarch and other government authorities. King Willem-Alexander ascended the throne in 2013, after the abdication of his mother, Queen Beatrix.
Moving to the Netherlands will give you the chance to hear the king’s annual speech on the Prinsjesdag (the third Tuesday in September). In his speech, the king addresses the plans for the upcoming year, advises the head of Parliament and signs laws and royal resolutions.
Dutch Politics: First Chamber and Second Chamber
The Netherlands’ Cabinet is formed by the State Secretaries and the Council of Ministers. The latter has administrative responsibilities, e.g. preparing and implementing laws.
The Parliament (Staten-Generaal) consists of two chambers, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) and the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer). The second chamber has 150 elected members who supervise the work of the government. If a conflict arises between the government and the second chamber, the latter always has the last word.
The 75 members of the first chamber are elected by the members of Parliament in the 12 provinces (Provinciale Staten). The Senate has to approve laws before they are passed, but it does not have the right to make any changes.
In March 2017, the populist movement lead by Geert Wilder’s was rejected in favor of the liberal VVD party, lead by Mark Rutte, who is the current Prime Minister.
An Innovative and Growing Economy
The Netherlands is currently the sixth largest economy in the European Union and plays a significant role as the European transportation hub, particularly as Rotterdam has the largest port in Europe and Amsterdam has one of the biggest European airports. Meanwhile, the economy has been growing at a rate greater than expected in 2017, at 1.75%, and the deficit is shrinking as public finances thrive.
Expats may find jobs in various different economic sectors. The predominant industries are in agriculture, electrical machinery, chemicals and petroleum. For example, Shell and Royal Dutch are in charge of one of the most important oil refineries in the world. The highly mechanized food sector in the Netherlands has innovative agri-food technology, and produces a large surplus for processing and export. Additionally, the farms are some of the most sustainable and efficient, meaning that the country is now a world-leader in the exportation of agri-foods. It provides employment for internationally operating logistic experts moving to the Netherlands from abroad.
Nationals of any of the EU/EEA member states (with the exception of Croatia) are free to move to the Netherlands and remain in the country. However, if you plan to stay for more than three months, you have to register with your municipal administration after moving to the Netherlands. For that you will need the following:
- a valid ID or passport
- a birth certificate, marriage certificate, and other documents
- the lease or sales contract of your apartment or house
Contact your local administration beforehand to find out which documents you need exactly, as the requirements are subject to change. They may also vary, depending on where you live.
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